Mexican Medium Ports
The international ports and harbors in Mexico are vital for the growth of the economy. Shipping in Mexico provides additional revenue to the government of Mexico. In the past, there were only five ports that were international in Mexico, and exports/imports were not as good at that time. After the advent of NAFTA, the shipping industry in Mexico was booming due in large part to the booming import and export industry within the country. Due to this, a number of ports were constructed to alleviate the massive influx of goods in major ports. This resulted in the creation and growth of more minor seaports within the country. They include:
1. Puerto de Altamira
This port is located in the north-central part of the Gulf of Mexico, and as the most deep-water port close to that of the United States, it holds an important position to implement the North American Free Trade Agreement. The port’s expansion of around 1363 commercial vessel calls with more than 13.3 million tonnes of goods in 2008 can be evident due to the privatization. The port’s facilities include cranes and lifts that carry more than 100 tons of weight.
2. Puerto de Coatzacoalcos
Coatzacoalcos is a vital river located in Mexico which has a port at its mouth. The port is a significant exporter of petroleum-based products as well as agricultural, forestry, and manufacturing. The port facilities comprise medical equipment, tugboats, cranes, and lifts that are capable of carrying 100 tonnes of weight.
3. Puerto de Dos Bocas
The port is responsible for up to 85 percent of Mexico’s crude oil production. It also imports machinery and equipment for exploration and development projects in the oil industry. Located about five kilometers north of the town of Paraiso in the State of Tabasco, Mexico, Puerto de Dos Bocas imports products, equipment, and machinery to support local agricultural production and exports bananas, mango, pineapple, Persian lemon, papaya, orange, coffee, sugar cane, cocoa, and peppers as well as products based on livestock.
4. Puerto de Ensenada
This port is situated on the shores of Todos Santos Bay off the Pacific Ocean. Cruise ships from across the world regularly stop in the harbor. It is a port that serves multiple purposes that plays a part in the commercial, industrial, recreational tourism, and other activities. Bulk minerals handling, cargo handling, and shipyards operations are a few of the things that happen in the port. The commercial activities encompass fishing for commercial purposes, cruises, marinas, and fishing for sport.
5. Puerto de Lazaro Cardenas
This port is the only one in Mexico capable of handling the larger vessels with 160 thousand tons and any kind of cargo because of its 18-meter deep access channel. It is equipped with medical supplies as well as limited repairs to ships as well as pilots, tugs, and tugs. The cranes, however, can only lift up to 24 tonnes of weight.
6. Puerto de Topolobampo
This port is known for its ferry that takes passengers between and La Paz in Baja California Sur. Apart from that, massive amounts of import and export were processed, with an estimated 452.6 thousand tonnes as well as 412.9 million tons imports and exports and imports, respectively.
7. Puerto de Tuxpan
Puerto de Tuxpan is a substantial commercial, industrial, and transportation transport hub in Mexico because of the massive amount of petroleum oil and corn, fish bananas, exports of livestock.
Even though less than 20 percent of Mexico’s imports are processed through medium-sized ports, the importance of these ports should not be ignored in the eyes of authorities of the Mexican government. In fact, medium-sized ports have a higher rate of growth when compared to larger ports.